Bachelor of Technical Education

Bachelor of Technical Education

    Technical Education at Crandall

    The Bachelor of Technical Education Degree (B.T.Ed.) is an innovative program designed to combine your previous technical skills and training with current teacher training. If you have a Red Seal in a trade such as mechanic, carpentry, electrical, culinary, or welding and want to work in a school setting, then this is the program for you.

    Upon successful completion of the Bachelor of Technical Education degree, you will be eligible to apply for a Level 4 Teaching Certificate from the New Brunswick Department of Education.

    What to expect when you graduate

    Crandall’s Bachelor of Technical Education program has an excellent reputation in the public schools, which often translates into job offers shortly after graduation. Graduates of our program have gone on to teach in public schools, community colleges, and at international institutions.

    Special program highlights for a Bachelor of Technical Education

    • Technical Education professors stay abreast of current literature and methodology discussed in professional journals so our students learn the very latest techniques and approaches.
    • Students learn to use the latest classroom technology, allowing them to meet the needs of their students using a variety of tools.
    • The program includes 18 weeks in the classroom – 2 weeks of observation and 16 consecutive weeks of actual teaching experience. Students complete their first semester course work before they are in a classroom so they can get maximum benefit from their observations.

    Meet your instructors

    Wendy Bokhorst-Heng, Ph.D.

    Associate Professor of Education

    Contact Wendy

    Stewart West, M.Ed.

    Part-time Lecturer of Education

    Contact Stewart

    Ted Newell, Ed.D.

    Associate Professor of Education

    Contact Edward

    Stacie Reck, Ph.D.

    Assistant Professor of Education - Dept. Coordinator

    Contact Stacie

    Leanne B. Delaney, B.Ed.

    Part-time Lecturer of Education

    Contact Leanne

    Nancy Jonah, M.Ed.

    Part-time Lecturer of Education

    Contact Nancy

    Roger Russell Ph.D.

    Dean of Professional Programs (Education & Organizational Management)

    Contact Roger

    Kenneth Frost, M.Ed.

    Part-time Lecturer of Education

    Contact Kenneth

    Brenda Mawhinney, M.Ed.

    Part-time Lecturer of Education

    Contact Brenda

    Courses and requirements



    Theory and Practice – This course looks at the application of current research to classroom issues. This course will focus on topics such as organization in the classroom, planning and teaching, rules and procedures, managing student work and improving student accountability. Classroom management will be emphasized for all grade levels.

    Instruction and Learning Processes
     – This courses examines classroom practices, strategies for instruction, organization for instruction, brain based research and learning, learning styles and assessment.

    Educational Psychology: Inclusionary Practices
     – This course focuses on the theory and application of psychological principles to teaching and learning that support the inclusion of children with exceptional needs into the inclusive classroom.

    It is possible to complete the B.T.Ed. degree in 16 months if a student enters the program with 69 credit hours from prior training and/or experience. The Crandall portion of this degree will consist of 69 credit hours. Eighteen of these credit hours will be addressed through a 18-week Internship in a formal school setting, under the guidance and coaching of a host teacher and university supervisors from Crandall.

    To be considered, students must satisfy the following minimum admission requirements:

    1. Students must have completed a Red Seal in carpentry, electrical, culinary, mechanic, or welding. Official transcripts from all post-secondary institutions attended and/or letters of standing from appropriate apprenticeship or regulatory bodies are required.
    2. A pre-assessment of writing and/or numeracy skills may be required. Should an external assessment be considered necessary, the cost will be assumed by the applicant.


    Degree requirements

    Students must complete the courses listed below to receive their Bachelor of Technical Education degree.

    I. Foundations of Education (21 credit hours)

    The following courses are required:

    A. ED3213/3223 – Theory and Practice: Secondary/Elementary
    B. ED3313/3323 – Instructional and Learning Processed: Elementary/Secondary
    C. ED4023 – Educational Foundations
    D. ED4103 – Educational Psychology: Inclusionary Practices
    E. ED4413 – Diversity and Multiculturalism in Education
    II. Areas of Study (15 credit hours)

    The following courses are required:

    A. ED3163 – Writing in Different Genres
    B. ED3203 – Mathematics Education
    C. ED3303 – Science Education
    D. ED3413 – Social Studies Education
    E. ED3113 – Literacy Education or ED4043 – Literacy for Adolescent Learners
    III. Field Practicum Program (18 credit hours)
    A. ED5118 – Technical Education Internship
    IV. Bible-oriented Religious Studies (6 credit hours)

    Two Bible-oriented Religious Studies courses are required of students in order to meet Crandall’s equivalency requirements.

    V. Electives (9 credit hours)

    Students must choose three courses in Education electives from a list of courses offered each year. Courses may be offered on a rotational basis so selection can vary from year to year.


    ED3033 Sociology of Education

    This course examines sociological theories and research methods as they apply to education, the school as a formal and informal organization, and effects of education on stratification, social control, race, class, and gender.

    ED3113 Literacy Education

    This course will focus on Literacy at the elementary and middle school levels. The emphasis will be on the development of literacy skills. Students will be exposed to topics such as language acquisition, reading and writing processes, and theoretical basis for instructional procedures. Listening, reading, speaking, writing, and responding skills, as well as lesson planning and varied group work will be emphasized. A variety of resources and procedures appropriate to the students’ developmental levels will be emphasized as well.

    ED3123 Teaching English Language I

    This course includes an overview of various approaches to teaching language and introduces the relevant concepts, theory, and methodology, including needs analysis, course design, lesson planning, activity development, and class management.

    ED3133 Teaching English Language II

    This course focuses on teaching speaking, listening, reading, writing, grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation, and provides an overview of theory related to grammar systems, language sound systems, language acquisition, and intercultural communication.

    ED3163 Writing in Different Genres

    In this writing course, students will create portfolios demonstrating the use of the writing process and the 6+1 Writing Traits to produce reflective, critical, and creative pieces in various genres. Students will also develop writing rubrics, and they will examine the process of teaching students how to write. The clear and correct use of language and diction is emphasized.

    ED3203 Mathematics Education

    This course will have a focus on the investigation of approaches to mathematics instruction at the elementary and middle school levels. Effective usage of varied materials such as manipulatives will be developed through class/group activities, unit and lesson plans, as well as through a variety of classroom discussions and investigations. A number of other areas will be explored including unit and lesson planning, integration of math with other subjects, classroom presentations, and current trends in mathematics education.

    ED3213 Theory and Practice: Secondary

    This course looks at the application of current research to classroom issues. The major emphasis is on classroom management skills as outlined in the “Classroom Organization and Management Program,” or COMP. Possible topics include organizing the classroom, planning and teaching rules and procedures, managing student work and improving student accountability, maintaining good student behaviour, planning and organizing instruction, and conducting and facilitating instruction to maintain momentum. This course is intended to serve as one of the key components of a student’s first term in an Education program. It is normally taken in the first term of the consecutive degree program or in the second year of a five-year concurrent program.

    ED3223 Theory and Practice: Elementary

    This course will continue to introduce students to issues in contemporary education. Some of the areas addressed will include legal considerations for teachers, educational policies, ethical considerations, communication challenges, teacher wellness, and constructivism.

    ED3243 Developmental Disabilities

    After examining normal cognitive and social development of the child, this course will survey present research pertaining to various developmental disabilities in children, youth, and adults.  Case studies in selected areas will be utilized.

    ED3303 Science Education

    This course focuses on the teaching of science at the elementary and middle school levels. An exploration of science teaching and learning based on prior conceptions and experiences will be used to support and develop science literacy. Topics include theoretical perspectives, assessment, classroom procedures, and integration of science themes in other curriculum areas.

    ED3313 Instructional and Learning Processes: Elementary

    This course examines classroom practices, strategies for instruction, organization for instruction, brain based research, assessment, and a teaching framework as these relate to the elementary grade levels. This course will help provide teachers to facilitate the learning of their students in the early years of school, K – 5.

    ED3323 Instructional and Learning Processes: Secondary

    This course examines classroom practices, strategies for instruction, organization for instruction, and further advancement of the matter of assessment as these relate to the secondary grade levels. The course will provide learning for teachers to facilitate the learning of their grade 6–12 students. This course will also address the matter of professional development and the creation of a showcase portfolio.

    ED3343 Language Development

    This course examines the sequence of language development throughout the span of humans’ lives.  Emphasis will be placed on major theoretical approaches to language development and on related areas such as cognition and literacy.

    ED3373 Assessment, Feedback, and Reporting

    This course examines the sequence of language development throughout the span of humans’ lives.  Emphasis will be placed on major theoretical approaches to language development and on related areas such as cognition and literacy.

    ED3413 Social Studies Education

    This course is designed to acquaint students with an overview of social studies and to assist students in developing skills for effective social studies instruction. Students will focus on various strategies/procedures and will develop activities and projects designed to illustrate curriculum components. In addition various perspectives on the teaching of social studies will be studied.

    ED3443 Early Childhood Development

    This course will apply developmental psychological findings to early childhood education and care, early experience and heredity, and learning and perception, to understand how such factors affect the cognitive and social development of the young child. Case studies pertaining to early infantile autism and child abuse will be examined in detail.

    ED3453 Adolescent Development

    This course is a survey of the physical, intellectual, emotional, and social dimensions of the adolescent as they mature and adjust during years of transition and change. This course pays special consideration to the work of noted psychologists specializing in the study of the adolescent years.

    ED3463 Psychology of Attachment

    This course provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of attachment across the lifespan. Attachment theory offers a framework for describing and understanding close emotional bonds in relationships. Attachment issues to be investigated include normative processes, individual differences, measurement, and psychopathology.

    ED3473 Small Group Communication

    This course provides an introduction to the principles of the small group process as it relates to decision making, problem solving, and negotiating.

    ED3613 Children’s Literature

    This course includes classic works of children’s literature (such as Grimm’s Fairy Tales and Alice in Wonderland), Canadian children’s literature (such as Anne of Green Gables), and both Tolkien’s The Hobbit and Lewis’s Narnia series. Throughout, attention will be given both to understanding this rich literature and to considering how it might be taught to children.

    ED3633 Theories of Learning

    This course will provide an overview of the ideas and research related to animal and human learning.  Background on various issues that have shaped the understanding of this field over the years will also be included, as will more recent studies that address the intricacies of how learning occurs.

    ED3703 Jesus as Teacher

    This course is an exploration of the teaching methods of Jesus considering his aims, his cultural setting, his community’s history, and his social location as a rabbi.  Teaching is a task requiring contextualization.  It involves authority, in contrast to the thought of some who wish a truly ‘free’ school.  Jesus’ employment of lecture methods, his use of memorable sayings and of parables, and his personal modelling demands the attention of educators schooled in active learning methods.

    ED3723 Psychological Tests and Measurement

    This course will involve a survey of psychological tests used in both individual assessment and research areas.  Principles of test construction and evaluation will be central concepts in the study of selected tests.  In addition to class lecture, supervised laboratory experiences in test administration and interpretation will be undertaken.

    ED3773 Communication Disorders

    This course surveys the field of human communication disorders.  It will commence with a brief examination of the basics of the field, including the professions concerned with human communication disorders, definitions of the oral-verbal aspects of communication, and the anatomy and physiology of the human speech mechanism.  This will be followed by an introduction to various speech and language disorders.  Finally, the course will look specifically at communication differences and disorders of special populations.

    ED3823 Physical/Wellness Education

    This course involves an exploration of the materials and methods relevant to the teaching of physical education at the elementary and middle school levels.  Over the course of the term students will be introduced to practical applications of the physical education curriculum including examinations of key concepts, skills, and program planning for this area of learning.  Additionally, time will be made for education practices associated with interests and concerns relevant to health education.

    ED3913 Fine Arts Education I:  Music

    This Fine Arts methods course will place a strong emphasis on the music component taught within the K-8 context of New Brunswick schools.

    ED3923 Fine Arts Education II:  Art

    This Fine Arts methods course will place a strong emphasis on the art component taught within the K-8 context of New Brunswick schools.

    ED4023 Educational Foundations

    From the scientific efficiency movement, to Rousseau’s Romantic approach, back to traditional educators, Plato’s academic education, and Jesus as countercultural teacher, any educational paradigm uses distinctive practices to realize its aims. This course traces taken-for-granted practices of education to their foundational beliefs. As we work through the paradigms, we identify live issues for your own teaching practice. You gain flexibility for life-long continuing education in a professional career.  Christian students can see possibilities for Christian teaching by seeing how different paradigms of education impart different meanings. The formation done by a paradigm builds a person in its image

    ED4043 Literacy for Adolescent Learners

    Introduces students to the adolescent learner and to key components of adolescent literacy. The position is that all teachers are teachers of literacy. The course provides strategies to support literacy learning in grades 7 to 12.

    ED4103 Educational Psychology:  Inclusionary Practices

    This course focuses on the application of psychological principles to teaching and learning that support the inclusion of children with exceptional needs into the regular classroom.  Theory and practice will be considered together as information and ideas are drawn from research and applied to teaching while also providing service to students with diverse learning needs.  Particular emphasis will be placed on the development of appropriate curriculum modifications, teacher competencies, and effective instructional procedures and strategies for addressing the needs of these specific learners and creating reflective, inclusive classrooms.

    ED4203 Developmental Literacy

    This course will focus on students at the middle school level (grades 4-8) and further develop those areas studied in ED3113.  Various concerns related to students who may or may not have achieved success in becoming literate will be examined.  The goal of this course is to assist each student in becoming “a well-prepared teacher capable of assisting most readers in the classroom, including those who are struggling.”  Techniques, research findings, and materials for motivating children and young adolescents will be emphasized, demonstrated, and utilized within this course.

    ED4413 Diversity and Multiculturalism in Education

    This course is designed to introduce participants to the concepts of global education by examining the concept of multicultural education itself in this interconnected world.  Using a comparative framework, students will examine the policies and practices of multicultural education in other national contexts, unpack the social issues these policies seek to redress, and examine their links.

    ED4713 Behaviour Disorders in Children and Adolescents

    This course will involve a survey of emotional, behavioural, and social disorders in children and adolescents.  Specific topics in this area of study will include the history of the field, diagnostic classifications, theoretical approaches, and a survey of therapeutic interventions and service-delivery models.


    Technical Education application procedure

    An application for admission to the Bachelor of Technical Education program at Crandall University may be obtained from the Education Admissions Office. Along with this form, all applicants must submit the following documentation:

    • A letter of rationale which details their desire/passion to teach, and links that passion to their experiences with children. Rationales should two to three pages in length;
    • Three reference letters which assess students’ suitability for the teaching profession in terms of the student’s character, personal qualities and ability to work with young people. References should be sent directly from the referee to the Education Admissions Office;
    • Official transcripts from ALL post-secondary institutions attended as well as any letters of standing from apprenticeship/regulatory bodies;
    • Disclosure of Criminal Record information, including a vulnerable sector check;
    • A list of all previous teaching/leadership experiences with children in a resume format;
    • A list of all previous work experience in a resume format;
    • A non-refundable $50 application fee.

    Students should forward all other application materials to the address below:

    Education Admissions Office
    Crandall University
    Box 6004
    Moncton, NB  E1C 9L7

    Email: education.admissions@crandallu.ca
    Fax: 506-863-6460

    The application deadline is January 15th for fall admission.

    Note: As space is limited in the Bachelor of Technical Education program, selected students will be interviewed for possible admission. Successful completion of the minimum requirements guarantees that applications will be considered for an interview but does not guarantee an interview or admission.

    When students are accepted into the Bachelor of Technical Education program at Crandall University, a $500.00 Enrolment deposit is required after receiving their letter of acceptance to the program. This deposit is non-refundable and will be applied directly to the student’s account.


    Q: Can I make an appointment to talk with a member of the Education Admissions Team before filing my application?

    A: We are happy to speak to you by telephone (506-858-8970) or through e-mail, education.admissions@crandallu.ca, to answer questions you may have before submitting your application.

    Q: What should I include in my rationale?

    A: You should describe in detail your experiences dealing with children, as well as your reasons for wanting to become a teacher. In this section you will need to provide information that indicates those background experiences and factors that have led you to this place in your life and how teaching came into focus. Length should be two to three pages.

    Q: What kinds of reference letters are most helpful?

    A: Reference letters which state that the applicant is very qualified to pursue teaching and specify relevant skills and attributes observed by the author to warrant that conclusion are most helpful. Observations should be based on the author’s first-hand knowledge of the applicant. Reference letters that are authored by an individual possessing thorough knowledge and understanding of the skills and attributes required to be an effective teacher are often most valuable.

    Q: What transcripts/documentation of skill need to be submitted?

    A: Official copies of all post-secondary transcripts must be submitted and sent from the host institution directly to the Education Admissions Office. If you followed an apprenticeship route, a letter of standing from the apprenticeship regulatory agency is required.

    Q: Do I need to submit a “Disclosure of Criminal Record Information (Criminal Record Check)” with my application?

    A: Yes. The Criminal Record Information must include a vulnerable sector check. You will be able to obtain this through your local detachment of the RCMP or local police force.

    Q: Do I need experience working with children?

    A: Yes. Experience working with children is required of all applicants. Experience in a public school setting is highly recommended. We will consider private school, summer camp, or other work with groups of children for this experience. Babysitting and tutoring are generally not strong indicators of work with children.

    Q: What is the admissions process?

    A: The admissions process occurs in two phases. Phase 1 consists of an initial screening of all applicants. Phase 2 consists of an interview with the Education Admissions Committee. Telephone or Skype interviews may be arranged for those applicants that are overseas during the interview period.

    Q: How will I be notified to schedule an interview?

    A: The Education Admissions office will contact you by e-mail so you can schedule an appointment.

    Q: What should I wear to the interview?

    A: You are being interviewed for a pre-professional program. Dress accordingly. Please do not wear perfume.

    Q: Am I able to defer my admission?

    A: In exceptional circumstances, admission may be deferred for one academic year.

    Q: Is there a waiting list?

    A: Yes. The waiting list is comprised of applicants that were interviewed but were not accepted due to enrollment caps. Applicants placed on the waiting will be notified of their acceptance as seats become available. The waiting list remains active until August 31.