English

English

Programs

      English at Crandall

      Great works of imaginative literature, old and new, are at the heart of Crandall’s English program. We study novels, poems, and plays because of their power to move us and help us draw closer to goodness, truth, and beauty. As students experience and explore this richness, they develop the reading, writing, and critical thinking skills they will need in their professional careers.

      English students can choose from a wide range of exciting courses, including specialized courses on classic authors such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Austen, and Eliot, as well as survey courses in Canadian literature, American Literature, and contemporary literary criticism. Crandall’s English program also offers unique upper-level courses that explore the ways in which a Christian worldview informs and enriches the work of best-selling authors such as C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien.

      The Benefits of a B.A. in English from Crandall

      Crandall’s B.A. in English is excellent preparation for careers that require expert levels of reading, writing, and research, as well as for those that require strong analytical and communication skills.

      Recent graduates from Crandall’s B.A. in English have continued their studies at some of Canada’s best known graduate schools and have pursued careers in administration, education, Christian ministries, creative writing, journalism, law, public relations, and public service.

      Program Highlights

      • Professors in the program are passionate about literature and about the success of their students. They get to know their students personally and work with them both in class and individually to encourage excellence and facilitate success.
      • Program courses cover works from a wide range of historical periods and genres, including literature from Britain, Canada, the United States, and other countries that have contributed to the English literary canon.
      • Introductory courses train students in the knowledge and skills needed to successfully complete a  degree in English, while upper-level courses allow students to specialize in the literature of some of their favourite periods, authors, and themes.
      • The Creative Writing option within the degree encourages students to explore their creativity as they study the art of writing fiction, poetry, and  drama, and then practice writing works of their own.
      • The Oxford Study Programme offers students the opportunity to spend one semester in England, studying Shakespeare and drama as Associate Students at Regent’s Park College of the University of Oxford.
      • The university’s TESL Certificate Program, popular among English majors, offers students the chance to become certified teachers of English as a Second Language, and provides assistance in finding teaching jobs overseas.
      • The English Society creates opportunities for students to meet other students with similar interests.

      Professors

      Graeme Ching, M.A.

      Coordinator of Academic External Programs & Lecturer in English and Education

      Contact Graeme

      Abram Steen, Ph.D.

      Assistant Professor of English

      Contact Abram

      Among the Interesting Options at Crandall…

      • Join Shakespeare at Oxford, offered through the Oxford Study Programme, to study Shakespeare’s plays within the context of Elizabethan England; while there, visit the Globe Theatre, research at Oxford’s Bodleian Library, and attend performances by the Royal Shakespeare Company.
      • Specialize in the work of your favourite authors, including Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Christina Rossetti, Jane Austen, and Charles Dickens, as well as World Authors who have been noted for their influence on writing across cultures.
      • Examine the work of T.S. Eliot against the cultural backdrop of early twentieth-century Europe, discovering along the way the impact of his work as a poet, essayist, dramatist, lecturer, and editor.
      • Discover the relationship between the fiction and non-fiction of C.S. Lewis, with special focus on his novels and the intellectual achievement of his work.
      • Explore the literary philosophy and epic achievement of J.R.R. Tolkien through a careful examination of his work.
      • Encounter the flavours of Canada’s recent authors in Modern Canadian Literature while gaining a better understanding of the uniqueness of Canadian thought and society.
      • Join our Effective Writing course to explore creative ways of engaging readers of essays and articles.

      Your Possible Career Paths & Areas of Continued Study:

      • Journalism
      • Law
      • Public Relations
      • Counselling
      • Christian Ministries
      • Creative Writing
      • Speech Pathology

      Courses and Requirements

      English is every student’s essential instrument of understanding and expression. Those taking a B.A. in English will discover a degree that features a strong base in a two-year survey of major authors’ works, special emphasis on Canadian Literature and Shakespeare, a range of choices among historical periods, and special studies at the 4000 level. As graduates they will have laid the foundation for many careers in which language, advanced reading, and communication are especially important, including journalism, law, public relations, counseling, Christian ministries, teaching English, creative writing, and graduate studies in English literature.

      Major – 42 credit hours in English including 1013, 1023, 2013, and 2023; one of 2313 or 2323; one of 3013, 3023, 3033 or 3043; 3893; 3933; two pre-1800 courses from 3003, 3133, 3183, 3203, 3213, 3303, 3753, or 3853; two post-1800 courses from 3223, 3413, 3423, 3713, 3723, 3733, or 3763; and two courses at the 4000 level.

      Double Major – 36 credit hours in English including 1013, 1023, 2013, and 2023; one of 2313 and 2323; one of 3013, 3023, 3033 or 3043; 3893; 3933; one pre-1800 courses from 3003, 3133, 3183, 3203, 3213, 3303, 3753, or 3853; one post-1800 courses from 3223, 3413, 3423, 3713, 3723, 3733, or 3763; and two courses at the 4000 level.

      Major with Concentration in Creative Writing – 42 credit hours in English including 1013, 1023, 2013, and 2023; one of 2313 or 2323; one of 3013, 3023, 3033 or 3043; 3893; 3933; one pre-1800 courses from 3003, 3133, 3183, 3203, 3213, 3303, 3753, or 3853; one post-1800 courses from 3223, 3413, 3423, 3713, 3723, 3733, or 3763; two creative writing courses from 3973, 3983, or 3993; 4983; and one additional course at the 4000 level.

      Honours – 57 credit hours in English including 1013, 1023, 2013, and 2023; one of 2313 or 2323; one of 3013, 3023, 3033 or 3043; 3893; 3933; two pre-1800 courses from 3003, 3133, 3183, 3203, 3213, 3303, 3753, or 3853; two post-1800 courses from 3223, 3413, 3423, 3713, 3723, 3733, or 3763; 4996; and five additional courses, at least three of which must be at the 4000 level.  A CGPA of 3.00 for the degree is required.  No mark below C- can be credited toward the degree and no mark below B- can be credited toward the major.  Admission to Honours takes place during the second semester of the third year and consists of having the thesis application approved by the Research and Ethics Committee.

      nglish 1013 – Literary Heritage I

      This course presents English literature through an historical survey of major authors. In this way, students are introduced to a wide variety of literary genres and themes. Instruction in grammar and the composition of formal academic essays is also given.

      Prerequisite: Grade 12 English.

      English 1023 – Literary Heritage II

      This course continues the historical survey of major authors and continues to provide extensive instruction and exercise in composition and the writing of formal academic essays.

      Prerequisite: Grade 12 English.

      English 2013 – Literary Heritage III

      A wider continuation of English 1013 and 1023, this course provides a fuller survey of English literature in its historical context, particularly up to 1700.  It also focuses on the critical, composition, and research skills necessary for students to become successful English majors.

      English 2023 – Literary Heritage IV

      A continuation of English 2013, this course includes a selection of classics in all genres from 1700 up to the present day. It assists students in developing the critical, composition, and research skills necessary to become successful English majors.

      English 2313 – Early Canadian Literature

      This course follows the development of Canadian Literature from the nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. It includes a wide range of literature including poetry, humour, folklore, novels, and drama.

      English 2323 – Modern Canadian Literature

      A survey of modern and contemporary Canadian literature, this course includes all genres and representative works from various regions of the country from the mid-twentieth century to the present. Through the discussion of selected themes, students will better understand their environment in Canadian society through its reflection in literature.

      English 3003 – Medieval Literature

      This course examines the major medieval epics and romances. Though texts are studied first in translation, the course will also serve to introduce Old English, Middle English, and the specialized poetic languages of courtly romance and medieval theology. The subsequent influence of these major texts on later literary and popular culture will also be considered.

      English 3013 – Shakespeare I

      This course is an examination of the earlier works of Shakespeare (prior to 1600), including his early tragedies, history plays, and comedies. It integrates his work within the cultural dynamics of the period and emphasizes both the literary and performance aspects of the plays.

      English 3023 – Shakespeare II

      This course explores the post-1600 plays of Shakespeare, particularly his “problem plays,” later tragedies, and romance plays, emphasizing both their literary and performance aspects.

      English 3033 – Shakespeare at Oxford I

      A further examination of the earlier works of Shakespeare (prior to 1600), this course is delivered in England in conjunction with the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme and includes visits to relevant sites in and around Oxford, London, and Stratford, as well as the opportunity to see a number of plays staged by professional theatre companies.

      English 3043 – Shakespeare at Oxford II

      A further examination of the post-1600 plays of Shakespeare, this course is delivered with the advantages of being in England in conjunction with the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme.

      English 3133 – Renaissance Literature

      This course is a study of the major developments in all genres of English Renaissance literature, except Shakespearean drama.

      English 3183 –  History of the English Language

      This course traces the development of the English language through Old English, Middle English, and Modern English, using both linguistics and examples from major literary authors (such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Johnson) to illustrate this history.

      English 3203 –  History of Drama

      An introduction to the history of drama, this course surveys a wide range of plays, considering both the external relationship of playwright, performers, and audience, and the internal aesthetic techniques found within each play.

      English 3213* – Drama I

      This course explores drama from its inception in Ancient Greece to the stage in Restoration England, with emphasis on the relationship between drama and its cultural context, and the historical shifts in and practical considerations of theatrical practice. (Normally offered in England as part of the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme.)

      English 3223* – Drama II

      This course is a continuation of English 3213 and explores drama from the eighteenth century to the present day. (Normally offered in England as part of the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme.)

      English 3303 – 18th Century Literature

      This course is a survey of the major genres of 18th-century literature, including satire, comedy, journalistic and critical prose, comic opera, poetry, evangelical literature, and the beginnings of the novel.

      English 3413 – Romantic Literature

      This course covers Romantic literature in English with special emphasis upon the major poets: Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Byron, and Keats.

      English 3423 – Victorian Literature

      This course covers Victorian poetry and prose with special emphasis on the social contexts of the period as they are reflected in literature.

      English 3513, 3523 – Directed Studies in English

      These courses are available for students when their interests and the professor’s expertise allow for a more in-depth tutorial approach. Students must be highly capable and must have completed upper level prerequisite courses in the area of the directed study.

      Prerequisite: Permission of the Registrar.

      English 3613* – Children’s Literature

      This course includes classic works of children’s literature (such as Grimm’s Fairy Tales and Alice in Wonderland), Canadian children’s literature (such as Anne of Green Gables), and both Tolkien’s The Hobbit and Lewis’s Narnia series. Throughout, attention will be given both to understanding this rich literature and to considering how it might be taught to children.

      English 3713 – The Development of the Novel

      This course is a study of the novel through its formative years and its classic achievements until it becomes the dominant literary genre of the twentieth century.

      English 3723 – Twentieth Century Novel

      An examination of the development of the novel in the twentieth century, this course emphasizes both the aesthetic qualities and the social and intellectual contexts of selected novels.

      English 3733 – Twentieth Century Poetry

      This course examines major works in both modern British and modern American poetry from Yeats and Eliot to contemporary writers. It considers the history of twentieth century poetry with reference to the development of individual writers and in the context of important cultural and aesthetic features of modern times.

      English 3753 – American Literature I

      A survey of major American authors from the colonial period to the late nineteenth century, this course reflects a diversity of perspectives from a number of ethnic, religious, and intellectual contexts. It examines how these works begin to express value and a sense of cultural identity that is distinctively “American.”

      English 3763 – American Literature II

      A survey of major American authors from the late nineteenth century to the present day, this course is concerned with the profound changes in American society as reflected in its literature. Particularly, this course considers the rise of realism, naturalism, modernism, and post-modernism in the context of American culture.

      English 3823 –  Writing by Women

      This course examines writing by women in a variety of genres from the medieval period to the twentieth century to provide an understanding of women’s literary tradition and pertinent practical and theoretical concerns.

      English 3853 –  Classical Background to English Literature

      This course examines the classical writers and texts most influential on the subsequent texts of English literature, exploring their literary forms, religious mythology, and literary or rhetorical theory.

      English 3873 –  The Bible and English Literature I

      This course examines the influence of the Bible on English literature, showing how key biblical characters, themes, and images frequently reappear – either literally or as archetypes – in poetry, drama, and fiction. This course covers much of the Old Testament, from Genesis up to and including the Song of Songs. For English Majors, this course may fulfill three credit hours of their Bible-oriented Religious studies requirement.

      English 3883 –  The Bible and English Literature II

      This course examines the influence of the bible on English literature, showing how key biblical characters, themes, and images frequently reappear – either literally or as archetypes – in poetry, drama, and fiction. This course begins with the Hebrew prophets and then covers the entire New Testament, up to and including the Book of Revelation. For English Majors this course may fulfill three credit hours of their Bible-oriented Religious studies requirement.

      English 3893 –  Literary Criticism

      This course is designed to consolidate the reader’s interpretive skills through a critical examination of the foundational assumptions or underlying ‘worldview’ in various schools of contemporary literary theory; within this process, students will compare and contrast diverse understandings of the nature of language, literature, and literary criticism.

      English 3933* – Effective Writing

      This course explores the techniques necessary to produce good critical thought and focused, effective writing. Students will develop their skills by studying relevant theory, analyzing sample works, and writing original works of their own.

      English 3973 – Creative Writing: Poetry

      This course introduces the craft of writing poetry, offering instruction in a wide variety of aesthetic forms and genres in both traditional and free verse poetry.

      English 3983 – Creative Writing: Drama

      This course introduces the craft of writing drama, offering instruction in the development of dramatic plot, character, imagery, theme, and stagecraft, as well as in more specific dramatic forms such as soliloquies, dialogues, and meta-dramatic techniques.

      English 3993 – Creative Writing: Fiction

      This course introduces the craft of writing fiction, offering instruction in the use of prose to develop plot, character, imagery, and theme, with special attention given to the crucial role played by narrative point of view within short stories and novels.

      English 4143 – Chaucer

      This intensive study of Chaucer’s major work, The Canterbury Tales, examines the text in Middle English, with supporting audio and translation aids, to appreciate the linguistic inventiveness, narrative artistry, and theological wisdom of Chaucer’s work.

      English 4253 – Donne and Herbert

      An intensive study of the poetry and prose of John Donne and George Herbert, this course emphasizes the poets’ common roots in English religious culture.

      English 4263 – Bunyan and Defoe

      This intensive study of Bunyan and Defoe provides an examination of some of the earliest novels in English while exploring the complex value that narratives have as a means for understanding human experience.

      English 4413 – Austen

      This course is an in-depth exploration of Jane Austen’s major novels as texts that show Austen’s development as a novelist and that engage with and reveal the social and intellectual influences of the period. Critical reception of her work, both now and in her own time, will be considered, along with revisions of her work through video.

      English 4443 – Wordsworth and Coleridge

      This intensive study of two major Romantic poets focuses on how their tumultuous relationship helped to produce a new school of poetry intended to help readers escape from what Coleridge described as “the lethargy of custom.”

      English 4473 – Barrett Browning and C. Rossetti

      This course examines two of the major Christian female poets of Victorian England, focusing on the interaction of their art, gender, and religion.

      English 4483 – Dickens

      This course examines the novels of Charles Dickens in detail to develop students’ appreciation for his achievement as one of the world’s most popular and important writers.

      English 4513, 4523 – Advanced Directed Studies in English

      These courses are available for students when their interests and the professor’s expertise allow for a more in-depth tutorial approach. Students must be highly capable and must have completed upper level prerequisite courses in the area of the directed study.

      Prerequisite: Permission of the Registrar.

      English 4613* – 17th Century Landscape Meditation Literature

      A study of the rise of landscape literature, with special attention to the development of individualized contemplation of landscape, art, and nature. (This course is normally offered in conjunction with the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme.)

      English 4633 –  18th Century English Landscape Poetry

      A study of neoclassical landscape aesthetics, the English country house, and the history of landscaping on the grand scale, as reflected in lyric meditation and landscape poetry from 1700-1825. (This course is normally offered in conjunction with the Crandall-Oxford Study Programme.)

      English 4803 –  J.R.R. Tolkien

      This course provides an in-depth look at the literary achievement of J.R.R. Tolkien, beginning with its mythological foundation in The Silmarillion, and then moving to the third age of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Attention will also be paid to Tolkien’s philosophy of fantasy literature as expressed in his Tree and Leaf.

      English 4813 – T. S. Eliot

      This course examines the poetry, prose, and plays of T.S. Eliot, read against the cultural backdrop of early twentieth-century Europe. Themes explored include Eliot’s engagement with religious writers from ancient to contemporary contexts, and the impact of his work as poet, essayist, lecturer, and editor upon the twentieth-century.

      English 4823* – Milton

      This course provides an intensive study of the major poetry and prose of John Milton (1608-74), with a particular emphasis on his theology.

      English 4833 – C.S. Lewis

      This course explores the literary and intellectual achievements of C.S. Lewis, noting especially the close relationship between his fiction and nonfiction, and showing how the ideas of the latter are expressed throught the former’s artistic symbols and stories. In addition to selected Tales of Narnia, and creative dialogues such as The Great Divorce and The Screwtape Letters, novels such as Perelandra and Till We Have Faces are also studied.

      English 4843 – Northrop Frye

      This course is an intensive study of the literary theory and criticism of one of Canada’s most influential critics.

      English 4863 – Laurence and Avison

      This course is an intensive study of two major Canadian Christian female writers:  the novelist Margaret Laurence and the poet Margaret Avision.

      English 4923 – 20th Century Postcolonial World Authors

      This course examines some of the major 20th century postcolonial authors from Africa, Asia and South America.

      English 4933 –  European World Authors

      This course will explore a selection of highly influential European authors, particularly the great Russian novelists, but also selected works by Italian, French, German, and Spanish authors.

      English 4943 – Southern U.S. Fiction

      This course examines a number of significant Southern U.S. writers who have used their setting to explore the conflict between the curse of history and the possibility of Christian faith.

      English 4983 – Senior Project in Creative Writing

      Students who have satisfactorily completed two of the 3000-level creative writing courses can complete their concentration in creative writing by writing an extended example in the genre of their choice.

      English 4996 – Honours Thesis

      Certain exceptional students, upon request prior to the completion of their third year, may be granted permission to write a thesis as an element of their Honours degree requirements.